Globalization and effect on the Global North and South

1. What was the influence of Machiavelli, Locke, and Hobbes on Political Theory? What is the realist view of the world and how has realist thought evolved in the 20th century? What are the basic features and differences between liberalism and realism thought and how have both evolved in the 20th Century? What theory (realism, liberalism, and constructivism) do you think provides the best explanation for global politics and can work best in international relations today? Thinking about Ukraine which theory could end the conflict by getting Russia out of Ukraine?

2. What is globalization and how does it affect the Global North and South? Explain why the benefits of globalization have been distributed unevenly. What is the role of MNCs in Globalization? How has technology contributed to globalization? Discuss the causes and consequences of the globalization of finance. Discuss the factors that cross state borders and why global problems cannot be solved unilaterally. What role does trade impact Globalization? Does Globalization make States more or less relevant? Why? Looking at the three levels of analysis where is the power in international politics, with NGO’s or IGO’s?

3. What is the history of the Global Political Economy in the 20th Century? What are the differences between liberalism and mercantilism? Explain the role of the Global North in the establishment of international economic regimes. Why is the North concerned about the economies of the Global South? Discuss the changes in the postwar monetary regime from the period of after World War II to today. Explain how the Bretton Woods system sought to stabilize the international monetary system. What are the advantages and disadvantages of free trade in the current international monetary system? What needs to be done to improve the economic lives of people in the Global South? Why is the EU important to Ukraine’s future?

4. From a theoretical perspective, explain how and why States comply with international law. How has international law addressed war and aggression? Compare/contrast the views regarding just war. In your opinion, was the war in Iraq just? Does it meet the criteria of jus ad Bellum and jus in Bello? In your opinion, when should the international community intervene in the affairs of other countries? Would going to Iran to stop their nuclear development be an acceptable action?

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